Year: 2018 | Month: April | Volume: 3 | Issue: 2 | Pages: 4-8
Etiology and Pathogenesis of Aggressive Periodontitis: A Mini Review
Dr. Amit Mani1*, Dr. Rosiline James2*, Dr. Shubhangi Mani3**
1Professor and HOD, 2Post Graduate student, 3Professor,
*Dept. of Periodontics, **Dept. of Orthodontics, Pravara Institute of Medical Sciences, Loni, Maharashtra, India.
Corresponding author: Dr. Rosiline James
Periodontitis is a common gum disease affecting many individuals worldwide. It may be associated with systemic diseases, auto immune disorders, hormonal changes, syndromes or may not be associated with no such factors. Plaque is considered to be a monster to initiate mostly or a majority all the diseases affecting the gingival, periodontia or the tooth. It sometimes may not initiate but may play a significant role in the progression and severity of the disease. There is a certain balance between the bacteria and the immune response from the host individual. The imbalance causes the prevalence of pathogenic bacteria to multiply and also the addition of the pro inflammatory mediators to cause periodontal destruction and eventually tooth loss. Aggressive Periodontitis is a unique disease affecting the periodontium causing irreparable damage. Early diagnosis and the specific treatment is the key to the success of therapy.
Key words: Periodontitis, periodontia.