Year: 2018 | Month: July | Volume: 3 | Issue: 3 | Pages: 14-20
Global Epidemic in the World is Depression
Muaweah Ahmad Alsaleha*
a*PhD & MS in Psychological Studies, neuropsychologist, psychotherapist, psychology researcher, behavioural science, practice of psychotherapy and clinical psychopathology, method in psychology statistics, Center for Research on Risks and Vulnerabilities (CERReV),University of Caen Normandy;
MS in public health-health ethics, INSERM, Training and Health Research Center-University of Caen Normandy, France;
Faculty of Education-Counseling psychology-University of Aleppo, Syria;
Depression is the most common mood and psychiatric disorder in the world, yet is widely undetected, undiagnosed and untreated. It is an important cause of suicide, burden of disability, dissatisfaction, loss of social function, morbidity and mortality worldwide, reduce quality of life, increased mortality and desire for hastened death. It affects the treatment and prognosis of disease among human and their offspring. From a religious, ethical, social, economic, personal and therapeutic perspective, it seems unwise to leave the patients undetected, undiagnosed and untreated for such a long time in War and Peace conditions.PHQ-2 (Patient Health Questionnaire) and BDI-FS (Beck Depression Inventory-Fast Screen) are two scales simpler, faster, reliable, effective and have cross-cultural and international reliability, accuracy and validity. These two scales help practitioners and psychotherapist, and facilitate their screening and diagnosis. Cognitive and physical therapies are a powerful tool in the treatment of depression and others disorders. These therapies improve quality of life of person.
Key words: Depression; screening; diagnosis; psychotherapy.