Original Research Article
Year: 2018 | Month: October-December | Volume: 3 | Issue: 4 | Pages: 70-77
Study on Dyslipidemia in Young Adults (20-40 Yrs) and Its Relation to Various Risk Factors in Tertiary Centre of Lucknow, UP
Jyoti VermaAssistant Professor, Medicine Department, Integral Institute of Medical Sciences and Research, Lucknow, UP, India
Background: Lipid disorders i.e., Dyslipidemia refer to abnormalities of cholesterol, including low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), and triglycerides.
Study objectives: To study the relation of dyslipidemia in young asymptomatic adults and to determine and correlate the significance of associated risk factors.
Patients: This was a cross sectional study consisting of consecutively selected 200 asymptomatic adults aged between 20-40 years who visited Integral institute of medical sciences and research, Lucknow, UP .
Patient information was collected with the help of the questionnaire after obtaining an informed consent and it included details such as; age, gender, anthropometric measurements, lifestyle related factors, clinical & family history, glucose and lipid analysis. Risk factors for dyslipidemia (high LDL-C, low HDL-C, high triglycerides) include physical inactivity, obesity, abdominal obesity, metabolic syndrome, hypertension,
Results: Our study showed that elevated serum lipids were more prominent in 31-40 year age group as compared to ≤30 years, 75% of total, which means the risk of dyslipidemia increases as the age advances. Dyslipidemia was found most significant amongst the alcoholic and the smokers (p value being significant < 0.05). Prevalence was more in males indicating Indian men being at a higher risk for dyslipidemia. Body mass index correlated with hypertriglyceridemia, increased LDL and increased VLDL (p value -0.001) than total cholesterol (p value- <0.05). The pattern of dyslipidemia correlated significantly with the history of alcohol consumption and smoking.
Those with diabetes has shown significant relation to dyslipidemia in this age group.
Conclusion: Dyslipidemia increases with age and high BMI, where males are more than females. Hypertriglyceridemia is more seen than increased total cholesterol. Alcohol and smoking significantly increases the proportion of lipid disorders. Dyslipidemia increased the episodes of hypertension and number of hypertensives.
Key words: Dyslipidemia, Diabetes, Hypertension.