Original Research Article
Year: 2019 | Month: January-March | Volume: 4 | Issue: 1 | Pages: 1-5
A Study to Assess the Effectiveness of Video Assisted Teaching on “Focused Antenatal Care”, among Primi Mothers Attending Antenatal Outpatient Department, of a Selected Hospital, Bangalore, India
Marie-Louise MukamanaThe University of Gitwe, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Department of General Nursing Sciences.
Introduction: Focused Antenatal Care (FANC) is a new model of antenatal care resulted in WHO recommendation to deliver antenatal services in four focused visits; one within the first trimester and three after quickening. This study aimed at assessing the effectiveness of video assisted teaching (VAT) on FANC, among Primi mothers attending antenatal outpatient department (OPD), of a selected Hospital, Bangalore, India, based on pre-experimental one group pretest-posttest research design.
Methods and Materials: 50 antenatal mothers were selected using non-probability convenient sampling technique. A Pre-test was administered using a structured knowledge questionnaire to collect the data. The pilot study was conducted at Chaitanya Hospital, among 6 Primi mothers and the main study was carried out in K.C.G Hospital. The post-test was conducted using the same instrument to identify the changes in knowledge. The collected data were analysed using SPSS.
Results: The present study revealed that most of the subjects 28 (56.0%) had the moderately adequate knowledge and 22 (44%) had inadequate knowledge regarding Focused Antenatal Care in the Pre-test while in the posttest 12 (24.0%) subjects had moderate knowledge and 38 (76.0%) subjects had adequate knowledge. The improvement score for overall knowledge was 78.45 (P < 0.05). And the findings indicate that the Video Assisted Teaching was effective in increasing the knowledge of Primi mothers regarding Focused Antenatal Care, and it was found to be appropriate, effective and can motivate the Primi Mothers to enhance their knowledge.
There was no statistically significant association found between the pre and post test knowledge score of Primi mothers with selected demographic variables like age, education status of mother, occupation, religion, marital status, economic status, type of family at the level, duration of pregnancy, previous exposure to health education on antenatal care and source of p <0.05.
Conclusions: Focused Antenatal Care is an important way through which maternal care during pregnancy should begin from the early stages of pregnancy, regular monitoring and taking adequate care which is associated with favorable birth outcomes. The present study was effective in increasing the knowledge of the Primi mothers regarding Focused Antenatal Care.
Key words: Effectiveness, focused antenatal care primi mothers, prevalence, video assisted teaching