Original Research Article
Year: 2019 | Month: January-March | Volume: 4 | Issue: 1 | Pages: 6-8
Profile of Neonatal Mortality in SNCU District Hospital
Dr. Komal Uppal1, Dr. Neetika Ashwani2, Dr. Khader Jeelani3, Dr. Prabhakar K3, Dr. Damera Yadaiah4
1Assistant Professor, Kamineni Hospital, Narketpally,
2Research Associate, NBQI project supported by UNICEF
3CAS, SNCU, Govt. Head Quarter Hospital, Nalgonda
4Nodal Officer, Special Newborn Care Unit, District Hospital, Nalgonda
Corresponding Author: Dr. Damera Yadaiah
Objective: The measure of progress of National health care services is determined by decreased mortality rate. 2.6 million neonates die each year of which 75% are preventable deaths with simple quality care measures.
Methods: Retrospective study was done at SNCU district hospital, Nalgonda. Data was obtained from SNCU online database for a period of a year. Data obtained included age, weight, sex, place of delivery, morbidity profile, diagnosis, and mortality profile. Categorical variables were tabulated.
Results: A total of 958 neonates were recruited during the study period, 56.47% were males, and 43.53% were females. Majority of the neonates, 69.27% were delivered at SNCU Nalgonda, 30.8% were extramural neonates. Prematurity was the most common morbidity 33.61% in the admitted neonates. The mortality rate in the present study is 5.53%. Major contributors to the neonatal mortality were RDS (47.16%), prematurity (16.98%), and birth asphyxia (11.32%).
Conclusion: Improving antenatal care, improved access to health facility, timely referral of high risk cases, capacity building, intensive interventional management can reduce neonatal mortality and its complications.
Key words: mortality profile, district hospital, respiratory distress, quality care