Original Research Article
Year: 2019 | Month: January-March | Volume: 4 | Issue: 1 | Pages: 81-90
The Risk Factors of Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever Incidence in Sorong City Papua Barat Province
Thomas O. Saghawari1, A.L. Rantetampang2, Hasmi3, Anwar Mallongi4
1Magister Program of Public Health, Faculty of Public Health, Cenderawasih University, Jayapura.
2,3Lecturer of Master Program in Public Health. Faculty of Public Health, Cenderawasih University, Jayapura
4Environmental Health Department, Faculty of Public Health, Hasanuddin University, Makassar
Background: Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever continues to occur, including in Sorong City, which in the last three years (2016-2018) has experienced improvements that are influenced by the physical environment, social environment, knowledge, attitude, action, occupancy density and health services.
Objective: To determine the risk factors for the incidence of Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever in Sorong City, West Papua Province.
Research Method: observational with a case control study design conducted in September-October 2018. The population was DHF patients in Sorong Hospital with a total sample of 66 people with a total of 22 people and 44 people in control. Data were obtained using questionnaires and analyzed using chi square, odds ratios and logistic binary regression.
Results: The factors that influence the incidence of Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever in Sorong City are the physical environment (p-value 0.045; OR = 3.403; CI95% (1.152 - 10.053), social environment (p-value 0.029; OR = 3.750; CI95% (1,264-11,123) attitudes (p-value 0.036; OR = 3.600; CI95% (1,221 - 10,618), actions (p-value 0,010; OR = 4,667; CI95% (1,564 - 13,922). Factors that did not affect the incidence of fever dengue in Sorong City is knowledge (p-value 0.538; OR = 31.588; CI95% (0.565 - 4.461), occupancy density (p-value 0.477; OR = 1.815; CI95% (0.570 - 5.779), health services (p- value = 0.066; OR = 3.063; CI95% (1.057 - 8.874). The dominant factor with the incidence of Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever in Sorong City is seen from the values of action, social environment and physical environment.
Key words: Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever Incidence, Sorong City