Original Research Article
Year: 2019 | Month: January-March | Volume: 4 | Issue: 1 | Pages: 180-189
Factors Affecting of Behavior Self-Medication Patient in Kunia Apotec Manokwari District Papua Barat Province
Rahmawati1, Sarce Makaba2, A.L. Rantetampang3, Anwar Mallongi4
1Magister Program of Public Health, Faculty of Public Health, Cenderawasih University, Jayapura.
2,3Lecturer of Master Program in Public Health. Faculty of Public Health, Cenderawasih University, Jayapura
4Environmental Health Department, Faculty of Public Health, Hasanuddin University, Makassar.
Corresponding Author: Anwar Mallongi
Background: The pharmacy is a place for people to buy drugs for their own long-term treatment, gender, ethnicity, education, occupation, knowledge, attitude, advertising, experience, pharmacist services.
The aim of research: to find out the factors that influences the relationship of self-medication in patients at the Kurnia Pharmacy Manokwari Regency, Papua Province Barat.
Research Method: Analyze with method cross sectional study. The study was conducted for 1 month in patients who came to visit the Kurnia Pharmacy on 1-31 October 2018 as many as 80 people. Data were obtained using a questionnaire and analysis using Chi square and logistic regression.
Results: Factors contributing to self-medication behavior in patients at Kurnia Pharmacy, Manokwari Regency, West Papua Province were advertisements (p-value = 0,000; RP = 2,062; CI95% (1,488 - 2,857) and experience (p-value = 0,043; RP = 0.671; CI95% (0.517 - 0.872). Factors that did not support self-medication in patients at the Kurnia Pharmacy Manokwari Regency, West Papua Province were aged (p-value = 0.246; Rp. 1,271; CI95% (0.889 - 1,817), (p- value = 0.640; RP = 0.894; CI95% (0.655 - 1.220) 0, term (p-value = 0.612; RP = 0.868; CI95% (0.625 - 1.205) education (p-value = 1,000; Rp = 1.009; CI95%; CI95% (0,719 - 1,417), occupation (p-value = 0,246; Rp. 0,747; CI95% (0,473 - 1,170), socio-economic (p-value = 1,000; RP = 1,012; CI95% (0,740 - 1,384), knowledge (p -value = 0.373; RP = 1,236; CI95% (0.905 - 1,690), attitude (p-value = 0.176; RP = 0.658; CI95% (0.358 - 1,208), service (p-value = 1,000; RP = 0.877; CI95 % (0.487 - 1.580). The dominant factor that has an influence on self-medication behavior in patients at the Kurnia Pharmacy Manokwari Regency, West Papua Province is advertising.
Key words: Behavior, Self-medication, Patient, Apotec